National Wildlife Health Center

...advancing wildlife and ecosystem health

Selected USGS Avian Influenza Publications


  1. Anthony SJ, St. Leger JA, Pugliares K, Ip HS, Chan JM, Carpenter ZW, Navarrete-Macias I, Sanchez-Leon M, Saliki JT, Pedersen J, Karesh W, Daszak P, Rabadan R, Rowles T, Lipkin, WI: Emergence of fatal avian influenza in New England harbor seals. mBio 2012, 3: e00166-12.
  2. Arsnoe DM, Ip HS, Owen JC: Influence of body condition on influenza A virus infection in mallard ducks: Experimental infection data. PLoS ONE 2011, 6: e22633.
  3. Bourouiba L, Wu J, Newman S, Takekawa J, Natdorj T, Batbayar N, Bishop CM, Hawkes LA, Butler PJ, Wikelski M: Spatial dynamics of bar-headed geese migration in the context of H5N1. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 2010, 7: 1627-1639.
  4. Brand CJ: Surveillance plan for the early detection of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in migratory birds in the United States: Surveillance Year 2009. In General Information Product - 92.: U.S. Geological Survey; 2009: vi, 14 p.
  5. Brown JD, Luttrell MP, Berghaus RD, Kistler W, Keeler SP, Howey A, Wilcox B, Hall J, Niles L, Dey A, Knutsen G, Fritz K, Stallknecht DE: Prevalence of antibodies to type A influenza virus in wild avian species using two serologic assays. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 2010, 46: 896-911.
  6. Cui P, Hou YS, Tang MJ, Zhang HT, Zhou YC, Yin ZH, Li TX, Guo S, Xing Z, He YB, et al: Movement patterns of Bar-headed Geese Anser indicus during breeding and post-breeding periods at Qinghai Lake, China. Journal of Ornithology 2011, 152: 83-92.
  7. Dalton MS, Stewart LM, Ip HS: Occurrence of viable avian influenza viruses in water and bed sediments from selected water bodies along the Atlantic Flyway, February and May 2006 and January 2007. In Open-File Report – 2009-1161: U.S. Geological Survey; 2009: iv, 12 p.
  8. Dierauf LA, Karesh WB, Ip HS, Gilardi KV, Fischer JR: Avian influenza virus and free-ranging wild birds. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2006, 228: 1877-1882.
  9. Dusek RJ, Bortner JB, DeLiberto TJ, Hoskins J, Franson JC, Bales BD, Yparraguirre D, Swafford SR, Ip HS: Surveillance for high pathogenicity avian influenza virus in wild birds in the Pacific Flyway of the United States, 2006-2007. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 2009, 53: 222-230.
  10. Dusek RJ, Hall JS, Nashold SW, Teslaa JL, Ip HS: Evaluation of Nobuto filter paper strips for the detection of avian influenza virus antibody in waterfowl. Avian Diseases 2011, 55: 674-676.
  11. Ely CR, Hall JS, Schmutz JA, Pearce JM, Terenzi J, Sedinger JS, Ip HS: Evidence that life history characteristics of wild birds influence infection rates and exposure to influenza A viruses. PLoS ONE 2013, 8: e57614.
  12. Farnsworth ML, Kendell WL, Doherty PF, Miller RS, White GC, Nichols JD, Burnham KP, Franklin AB: Targeted surveillance for highly pathogenic avian influenza in migratory waterfowl across the conterminous United States. In Pandemic Influenza Viruses: Science, Surveillance and Public Health, Edited by Majumdar S, Brenner FJ, Huffman JE, McLean RG, Panah AI, Pietrobon PJ, Keeler SP, Shive S: Pennsylvania Academy of Science; 2011: 143-155.
  13. Flint PL: Applying the scientific method when assessing the influence of migratory birds on the dispersal of H5N1. Virology Journal 2007, 4: 132.
  14. Flint PL, Franson JC: Does influenza A affect body condition of wild mallard ducks or vice versa? Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 2009, 276:2345-2346.
  15. Flint PL, Ozaki K, Pearce JM, Guzzetti B, Higuchi H, Fleskes JP, Shimada T, Derksen DV: Breeding-season sympatry facilitates genetic exchange among allopatric wintering populations of Northern Pintails in Japan and California. Condor 2009, 111:591-598.
  16. Gaidet N, Cappelle J, Takekawa JY, Prosser DJ, Iverson SA, Douglas DC, Perry WM, Mundkur T, Newman SH: Potential spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 by wildfowl: dispersal ranges and rates determined from large-scale satellite telemetry. Journal of Applied Ecology 2010, 47: 1147-1157.
  17. Gaidet N, Cappelle J, Takekawa JY, Prosser DJ, Iverson SA, Douglas DC, Perry WM, Mundkur T, Newman SH: Understanding the potential dispersal of HPAI H5N1 virus by migratory wildfowl. Argos Forum 2010, 71:4-5.
  18. Gaidet N, Cattoli G, Hammoumi S, Newman SH, Hagemeijer W, Takekawa JY, Cappelle J, Dodman T, Joannis T, Gil P, et al: Evidence of infection by H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses in healthy wild waterfowl. PLoS Pathogens 2008, 4: e1000127.
  19. Gaidet N, Newman SH, Hagemeijer W, Dodman T, Cappelle J, Hammoumi S, De Simone L, Takekawa JY: Duck migration and past influenza A (H5N1) outbreak areas. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2008, 14: 1164-1166.
  20. Gilbert M, Newman SH, Takekawa JY, Loth L, Biradar C, Prosser DJ, Balachandran S, Subba RMV, Mundkur T, Yan B, et al: Flying over an infected landscape: Distribution of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 risk in South Asia and satellite tracking of wild waterfowl. Ecohealth 2010, 7: 448-458.
  21. Hall JS, Franson JC, Gill RE, Meteyer CU, Teslaa JL, Nashold S, Dusek RJ, Ip HS: Experimental challenge and pathology of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 in dunlin (Calidris alpina), an intercontinental migrant shorebird species. Influenza and other Respiratory Viruses 2011, 5: 365-372.
  22. Hall JS, Ip HS, Franson JC, Meteyer C, Nashold S, TeSlaa JL, French J, Redig P, Brand C: Experimental infection of a North American raptor, American kestrel (Falco sparverius), with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1). PLoS ONE 2009, 4: e7555.
  23. Hall, JS, Krauss S, Franson JC, TeSlaa JL, Nashold SW, Stallknecht DE, Webby RJ, Webster RG: Avian influenza in shorebirds: experimental infection of ruddy turnstones (Arenaria interpres) with avian influenza virus. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses 2013, 7: 85-92.
  24. Hansen W: Avian influenza. In Information and Technology Report – 1999-0001. pp. 4 p. Reston, VA: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; 1999: 181-184.
  25. Heard DJ, Mulcahy DM, Iverson SA, Rizzolo DJ, Greiner EC, Hall J, Ip H, Esler D: A blood survey of elements, viral antibodies, and hemoparasites in wintering Harlequin Ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus) and Barrow's Goldeneyes (Bucephala islandica). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 2008, 44: 486-493.
  26. Henaux V, Samuel MD: Avian influenza shedding patterns in waterfowl: Implications for surveillance, environmental transmission, and disease spread. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 2011, 47: 566-578.
  27. Henaux V, Samuel MD, Bunck CM: Model-based evaluation of highly and low pathogenic avian influenza dynamics in wild birds. Plos One 2010, 5: e10997.
  28. Henaux V, Samuel MD, Dusek RJ, Fleskes JP, Ip HS: Presence of avian influenza viruses in waterfowl and wetlands during summer 2010 in California: Are resident birds a potential reservoir? PLoS ONE 2012, 7: e31471.
  29. Hill NJ, Takekawa JY, Cardona CJ, Ackerman JT, Schultz AK, Spragens KA, Boyce WM: Waterfowl ecology and avian influenza in California: do host traits inform us about viral occurrence? Avian Diseases 2010, 54: 426-432.
  30. Hogerwerf L, Wallace RG, Ottaviani D, Slingenbergh J, Prosser D, Bergmann L, Gilbert M: Persistence of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus defined by agro-ecological niche. EcoHealth 2010, 7: 213-225.
  31. Hupp JW, Yamaguchi N, Flint PL, Pearce JM, Tokita K, Shimada T, Ramey AM, Kharitonov S, Higuchi H: Variation in spring migration routes and breeding distribution of Northern Pintails that winter in Japan. Journal of Avian Biology 2011, 42: 289-300.
  32. Hwa SH, Iams KP, Hall JS, Kingstad BA, Osorio JE: Characterization of recombinant raccoonpox vaccine vectors in chickens. Avian Diseases 2010, 54: 1157-1165.
  33. Ip H: The avian influenza H5N1 threat. USGS Fact Sheet 2005-3146; 2005: 2 p.
  34. Ip HS, Dusek RJ, Heisey DM: The effect of swab sample choice on the detection of avian influenza in apparently healthy wild ducks. Avian Diseases 2012, 56: 114-119.
  35. Ip HS, Flint PL, Franson JC, Dusek RJ, Derksen DV, Gill RE, Ely CR, Pearce JM, Lanctot RB, Matsuoka SM, et al: Prevalence of influenza A viruses in wild migratory birds in Alaska: patterns of variation in detection at a crossroads of intercontinental flyways. Virology Journal 2008, 5: 71.
  36. Ip HS, Slota PS: Surveillance for Asian H5N1 avian influenza in the United States: The government initiates early detection efforts in wild birds. USGS Fact Sheet 2006-3025; 2006: 2 p.
  37. Iverson SA, Gavrilov A, Katzner TE, Takekawa JY, Miller TA, Hagemeijer W, Mundkur T, Sivananinthaperumal B, DeMattos CC, Ahmed LaS, Newman SH: Migratory movements of waterfowl in Central Asia and avian influenza emergence: sporadic transmission of H5N1 from east to west. Ibis 2011, 153: 279-292.
  38. Iverson SA, Takekawa JY, Schwarzbach S, Cardona CJ, Warnock N, Bishop MA, Schirato GA, Paroulek S, Ackerman JT, Ip H, Boyce WM: Low prevalence of avian influenza virus in shorebirds on the Pacific coast of North America. Waterbirds 2008, 31: 602-610.
  39. Koehler AV, Pearce JM, Flint PL, Franson JC, Ip HS: Genetic evidence of intercontinental movement of avian influenza in a migratory bird: The northern pintail (Anas acuta). Molecular Ecology 2008, 17: 4754-4762.
  40. Lam, TT-Y, Ip HS, Ghedin, E, Wentworth DE, Halpin RA, Stockwell TB, Spiro DJ, Dusek RJ, Bortner JB, Hoskins J, Bales BD, Yparraguirre DR, Holmes EC: Migratory flyway and geographical distance are barriers to the gene flow of influenza virus among North American birds. Ecology Letters 2012, 15: 24-33.
  41. Martin V, Pfeiffer DU, Zhou X, Xiao X, Prosser DJ, Guo F, Gilbert M: Spatial distribution and risk factors of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 in China. PLoS Pathogens 2011, 7: e1001308.
  42. Millen HT, Gonnering JC, Berg RK, Spencer SK, Jokela WE, Pearce JM, Borchardt JS, Borchardt MA: Glass wool filters for concentrating waterborne viruses and agricultural zoonotic pathogens. Journal of Visualized Experiments 2012, 61: e3930.
  43. Muzaffar S, Takekawa JY, Prosser DJ, Douglas DC, Yan BP, Xing Z, Hou YS, Palm EC, Newman SH: Seasonal movements and migration of Pallas's Gulls Larus ichthyaetus from Qinghai Lake, China. Forktail 2008: 100-107.
  44. Muzaffar SB, Takekawa JY, Prosser DJ, Newman SH, Xiao X: Rice production systems and avian influenza: Interactions between mixed-farming systems, poultry and wild birds. Waterbirds 2010, 33: 219-230.
  45. Newman SH, Hill NJ, Spragens KA, Janies D, Voronkin IO, Prosser DJ, Yan B, Lei F, Batbayar N, Natsagdorj T, et al: Eco-virological approach for assessing the role of wild birds in the spread of avian influenza H5N1 along the central Asian flyway. PLoS ONE 2012, 7: e30636.
  46. Newman SH, Iverson SA, Takekawa JY, Gilbert M, Prosser DJ, Batbayar N, Natsagdorj T, Douglas DC: Migration of whooper swans and outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 virus in Eastern Asia. PLoS One 2009, 4: e5729.
  47. Pearce JM, Ramey AM, Flint PL, Koehler AV, Fleskes JP, Franson JC, Hall JS, Derksen DV, Ip HS: Avian influenza at both ends of a migratory flyway: characterizing viral genomic diversity to optimize surveillance plans for North America. Evolutionary Applications 2009, 2: 457-468.
  48. Pearce JM, Ramey AM, Ip HS, Gill JRE: Limited evidence of trans-hemispheric movement of avian influenza viruses among contemporary North American shorebird isolates. Virus Research 2010, 148: 44-50.
  49. Pearce JM, Reeves AB, Ramey AM, Hupp JW, Ip HS, Bertram M, Petrula MJ, Scotton BD, Trust KA, Meixell BW, Runstadler JA: Interspecific exchange of avian influenza virus genes in Alaska: the influence of trans-hemispheric migratory tendency and breeding ground sympatry. Molecular Ecology 2011, 20: 1015-1025.
  50. Pearce JM, Ruthrauff DR, Hall JS: Paired serological and RRT-PCR analysis of avian influenza prevalence in Alaskan shorebirds. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 2012, 48: 812-814.
  51. Pedersen J, Killian ML, Hines N, Senne D, Panigrahy B, Ip HS, Spackman E: Validation of a real-time reverse transcriptase-PCR assay for the detection of H7 avian influenza virus. 2010, 54: 639-643.
  52. Peterson AT, Bush SE, Spackman E, Swayne DE, Ip HS: Influenza A virus infections in land birds, People's Republic of China. Emerging Infectious Diseases 2008, 14: 1644-1646.
  53. Prosser DJ: Wild birds and emerging diseases: modeling avian influenza transmission risk between domestic and wild birds in China. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2012: 217 p.
  54. Prosser DJ, Cui P, Takekawa JY, Tang M, Hou Y, Collins BM, Yan B, Hill NJ, Li T, Li Y, et al: Wild bird migration across the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau: a transmission route for highly pathogenic H5N1. PLoS One 2011, 6: e17622.
  55. Prosser DJ, Takekawa JY, Newman SH, Yan B, Douglas DC, Hou Y, Xing Z, Zhang D, Li T, Li Y, Zhao D, Perry WM, Palm EC: Satellite-marked waterfowl reveal migratory connection between H5N1 outbreak areas in China and Mongolia. Ibis 2009, 151: 568-576.
  56. Prosser DJ, Wu JX, Ellis EC, Gale F, Van Boeckel TP, Wint W, Robinson T, Xiao XM, Gilbert M: Modelling the distribution of chickens, ducks, and geese in China. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 2011, 141: 381-389.
  57. Ramey AM, Pearce JM, Ely CR, Guy LMS, Irons DB, Derksen DV, Ip HS: Transmission and reassortment of avian influenza viruses at the Asian-North American interface. Virology 2010, 406: 352-359.
  58. Ramey AM, Pearce JM, Flint PL, Ip HS, Derksen DV, Franson JC, Petrula MJ, Scotton BD, Sowl KM, Wege ML, Trust KA: Intercontinental reassortment and genomic variation of low pathogenic avian influenza viruses isolated from northern pintails (Anas acuta) in Alaska: Examining the evidence through space and time. Virology 2010, 401: 179-189.
  59. Ramey AM, Pearce JM, Reeves AB, Franson JC, Petersen MR, Ip HS: Evidence for limited exchange of avian influenza viruses between seaducks and dabbling ducks at Alaska Peninsula coastal lagoons. Archives of Virology 2011, 156: 1813-1821.
  60. Reeves AB, Pearce JM, Ramey AM, Ely CR, Schmutz JA, Flint PL, Derksen DV, Ip HS, Trust KA: Genomic analysis of avian influenza viruses from waterfowl in Western Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, In Press.
  61. Reeves AB, Pearce JM, Ramey AM, Meixell BW, Runstadler JA: Interspecies transmission and limited persistence of low pathogenic avian influenza genomes among Alaska dabbling ducks. Infection, Genetics and Evolution 2011, 11: 2004-2010.
  62. Schwarzbach S, Muzzafar S, Takekawa J: [Book Review] Avian influenza. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 2008, 44: 1056-1058.
  63. Slemons RD, Hansen WR, Converse KA, Senne DA: Type A influenza virus surveillance in free-flying, nonmigratory ducks residing on the eastern shore of Maryland. Avian Diseases 2003, 47: 1107-1110.
  64. Slota P: Avian influenza surveillance of wild birds. USGS Fact Sheet 2007-3094: 2007: 4 p.
  65. Spackman E, Ip HS, Suarez DL, Slemons RD, Stallknecht DE: Analytical validation of a real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction test for Pan-American lineage H7 subtype avian influenza viruses. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 2008, 20.
  66. Spackman E, Swayne DE, Suarez DL, Senne DA, Pedersen JC, Killian ML, Pasick J, Handel K, Pillai SPS, Lee C-W, Stallknecht D, Slemons R, Ip HS, Deliberto T: Characterization of low-pathogenicity H5N1 avian influenza viruses from North America. Journal of Virology 2007, 81: 11612-11619.
  67. Takekawa JY, Hill NJ, Ackerman JT, Herring G, Hobson K, Cardona CJ, Runstadler J, Boyce WM: Migration strategy affects avian influenza dynamics in mallards (Anas platyrhynchos). Molecular Ecology 2012, 21: 5986-5999.
  68. Takekawa JY, Hill NJ, Schultz AK, Iverson SA, Cardona CJ, Boyce WM, Dudley JP: Rapid diagnosis of avian influenza virus in wild birds: Use of a portable rRT-PCR and freeze-dried reagents in the field. J Vis Exp 2011, 54.
  69. Takekawa JY, Iverson SA, Bishop MA, McShea A, Lodes MJ, Dudley JP: Use of rapid analysis technologies for the field identification and on-site confirmation of avian influenza. In Biodetection Technologies 4th Edition, Edited by Mello D: Detection Knowledge Press; 2007: 519-529.
  70. Takekawa JY, Iverson SA, Schultz AK, Hill NJ, Cardona CJ, Boyce WM, Dudley JP: Field detection of avian influenza virus in wild birds: Evaluation of a portable rRT-PCR system and freeze-dried reagents. Journal of Virological Methods 2010, 166: 92-97.
  71. Takekawa JY, Newman SH, Xiao X, Prosser DJ, Spragens KA, Palm EC, Yan B, Li T, Lei F, Zhao D, et al: Migration of waterfowl in the east Asian flyway and spatial relationship to HPAI H5N1 outbreaks. Avian Diseases 2010, 54: 466-476.
  72. Takekawa JY, Prosser DJ, Newman SH, Bin Muzaffar S, Hill NJ, Yan BP, Xiao XM, Lei FM, Li TX, Schwarzbach SE, Howell JA: Victims and vectors: highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 and the ecology of wild birds. Avian Biology Research 2010, 3: 51-73.
  73. Tsukamoto K, Javier PC, Shishido M, Noguchi D, Pearce J, Kang H-M, Jeong OM, Lee Y-J, Nakanishi K, Ashizawa T: SYBR green-based real-time reverse transcription-PCR for typing and subtyping of all hemagglutinin and neuraminidase genes of avian influenza viruses and comparison to standard serological subtyping tests. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2012, 50: 37-45.
  74. Van Boeckel TP, Prosser D, Franceschini G, Biradar C, Wint W, Robinson T, Gilbert M: Modelling the distribution of domestic ducks in Monsoon Asia. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 2011, 141: 373-380.
  75. Wilson HW, Hall JS, Flint PL, Franson JC, Ely CR, Schmutz JA, Samuel MD: High seroprevalence of antibodies to avian influenza viruses among wild waterfowl in Alaska: implications for surveillance. PLoS ONE 2013, 8: e58308.
  76. Worrest R, Dein FJ: Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Early Detection Data System (HEDDS). USGS Unnumbered Fact Sheet: 2006: 2 p.
  77. Yamaguchi N, Hupp JW, Flint PL, Pearce JM, Shigeta Y, Shimada T, Hiraoka EN, Higuchi H: Habitat use and movement patterns of Northern Pintails during spring in northern Japan: the importance of agricultural lands. Journal of Field Ornithology, In Press.
  78. Yamaguchi N, Hupp JW, Higuchi H, Flint PL, Pearce JM: Satellite tracking of Northern Pintail Anas acuta during outbreaks of the H5N1 virus in Japan: implications for virus spread. Ibis 2010, 152: 262-271.

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
URL: http://www.nwhc.usgs.gov
Page Contact Information: Contact Form
Page Last Modified: May 19, 2016