Bangladesh (HPAI H5N1?). Bangladesh Health officials confirmed on March 28 that 7,000 chickens were culled at a government poultry farm in the district of Jessore after several birds were found dead and test results confirmed avian influenza. To prevent the disease from spreading further, 1,882 eggs, 1,300 kg of feed and 19 kg of vitamins were also destroyed. This outbreak has not been reported to OIE.
Laos (HPAI H5N1). The veterinary authority in Laos confirmed an outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N1 in Nator Ngai in the region of Xayabury in north-west Laos on April 1. Of the 5,132 total birds, 457 died after contracting the disease while the remaining birds were culled to prevent the disease from spreading. “According to the report, the affected birds were introduced into the village one week before the outbreak.” This is the country’s first outbreak since December 2008.
North Korea (HPAI H5N1). North Korean Health officials reported on April 9th that tens of thousands of poultry have either been culled or have died after contracting H5N1. The first outbreak was reported at a chicken farm in Pyongyang on March 21 and the virus has been spreading since. To prevent the disease from spreading further, an emergency quarantine commission has been created and an “emergency prevention situation” has been declared across the country. North Korea’s bird population suffered last year after being hit hard by the deadly flu virus. This is the country’s first outbreak of 2014.
Avian Influenza in Humans
China (LPAI H7N9). Chinese health officials confirmed that three people are in critical condition and two are dead after contracting the H7N9 virus. The victims in critical condition range in age from 28-72 and are from the provinces Jiangsu, Guangdong, and Fujian. Details about the two deceased victims were not provided. So far this year, China has reported more than 273 human H7N9 cases, including at least 36 deaths.
News Update March, 20 2014
Avian Influenza in Dogs
South Korea (HPAI H5N8). Eleven additional dogs from two farms have tested positive for exposure to HPAI H5N8. The two farms are 80 km and 195 km south of the capital Seoul, but are both in the same province as the location of the farm that reported the first H5N8 dog case on March 11. None of the dogs have shown any symptoms. The dogs are being tested to determine if they can still spread the virus.
Avian Influenza in Poultry
Cambodia (HPAI H5N1). Cambodian health officials confirmed an outbreak of H5N1 in the capital city of Phnom Penh. Of the 200 susceptible birds, 83 died after becoming infected with the virus while the remaining 117 were destroyed to prevent the disease from spreading. The farm, where chickens were being raised for research at a nearby institute, has been disinfected. Other control measures being applied include stamping out and movement control.
Netherlands (LPAI H5N2). The Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs confirmed an outbreak of H5N2 in Bruchem, a village in the Dutch province of Gelderland. All 10,541 birds at the farm were destroyed to prevent the disease from spreading. Control measures being applied include a 1km protection zone, stamping out, and movement control. The source of the outbreak remains unknown.
Avian Influenza in Humans
Cambodia (HPAI H5N1). Cambodian health officials confirmed last week that a two-year-old girl from Kampot province died on March 14 after contracting H5N1. This is the country’s fourth bird flu death this year. About 90% of the chickens in the young girl’s village died this past month of bird flu, and officials believe that the young girl had direct contact with dead chickens before becoming sick. Officials are urging parents and guardians to keep their children away from dead or sick poultry, as they are highly susceptible to the disease.
China (LPAI H7N9). The Chinese Centre for Health Protection of the Department of Health confirmed an outbreak of H7N9. The victim, a 78-year-old man, has been hospitalized. As of March 25, 389 human outbreaks of avian influenza have been confirmed on Mainland China. The hardest hit provinces include: Zhejiang (138 cases), Guangdong (93 cases), Jiangsu (44 cases), Shanghai (41 cases), and Fujian (21 cases). Disease surveillance, border control, and health education have all been increased in hopes to prevent further outbreaks.