National Wildlife Health Center

...advancing wildlife and ecosystem health

USGS National Wildlife Health Center
Quarterly Wildlife Mortality Report
April 1999 to June 1999

Reported
State
Location Dates Species Mortality Diagnosis Reported
By
AK Near Barrow 06/20/99-06/20/99 Steller's Eider 2 Trauma NW
AR Little Rock USAF Base 04/28/99-05/10/99 Muscovy; Mallard; Pekin 18 Duck plague NW
AZ 15 miles N. of Tuscon 06/21/99-06/21/99 Unidentified Owl 2 Trauma NW
CA Culver City 06/08/99-06/08/99 Mallard 8(e) Open NW
FL Orange Park 03/21/99-03/21/99 Cedar Waxwing 14 Open FL, NW
GA Cartersville 05/20/99-05/20/99 Hybrid Mallard; Canada Goose 3 Toxicosis: diazinon SC
ID Camas NWR 05/15/99-05/28/99 Eared Grebe 523 Open NW
ID Boise 03/15/99-06/01/99 Mallard; Ring-necked Duck 200(e) Emaciation; Botulism NW
IL Cambria 05/01/99-06/25/99 Bullfrog 20(e) Open NW
IL North Pond 06/23/99-06/24/99 Mallard; Wood Duck 26 Open: botulism suspect NW
LA East-central 01/04/99-02/18/99 Snow Goose; Mallard; Ross' Goose; White-fronted Goose 10500 (e) Aflatoxicosis NW, SC
MD Salisbury 04/26/99-05/19/99 Mallard 6 Toxicosis: CHE inhibiting compound NW
MN Crow Wing Co. 06/10/99-07/06/99 Green Frog; Mink Frog; Northern Leopard Frog 42 (e) Open NW
MT Boone and Crockett Club Ranch 03/25/99-04/15/99 Black-billed Magpie 15(e) Open NW
NM Holloman AFB 10/03/99-10/03/99 Great-tailed Grackle 10 Open NW
NV Stanley Lake 06/11/99-06/11/99 Canada Goose 5 Open NW
NY Plainview 06/11/99-06/11/99 Canada Goose 23 Toxicosis: diazinon IL
OH Toledo 04/09/99-04/14/99 Bullfrog 10 Open NW
PA Lancaster 05/21/99-06/03/99 Muscovy; Mallard; Unidentified Swan; Pekin 33(e) Duck plague NW, PA
UT Ogden Bay, Great Salt Lake 05/01/99-05/30/99 Eared Grebe 2,000(e) Emaciation NW
VA Hampton 05/18/99-05/19/99 Muscovy; Mallard 15(e) Duck plague VA, NW
VA Richmond 04/28/99-04/29/99 Cedar Waxwing 277 Trauma NW
WI Horicon NWR 05/13/99-05/27/99 Tree Swallow 8 Emaciation NW
WI Milwaukee 04/21/99-05/11/99 Lesser Scaup; American Coot; Mallard; Bonaparte's Gull 55(e) Open NW, WI
WY National Elk Refuge 04/07/99-04/10/99 Trumpeter Swan 8 Emaciation NW

(e) = estimate * = morbidity and mortality

REPORTERS: National Wildlife Health Center (NW); Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study (SC); Virginia Department of Agriculture& Consumer Services, Ivor Regional Laboratory (VA); Pennsylvania State University Diagnostic Laboratory (PA); Idaho Fish & Game, Wildlife Health Laboratory (ID).

Written and compiled by Kathryn Converse, Kimberli Miller, Linda Glaser, Terry Creekmore, and Audra Schrader, National Wildlife Health Center (NWHC). To report mortality or if you would like specific information on these mortalities, contact one of the following NWHC staff: Western US Kathryn Converse; Eastern US--Kimberli Miller; Hawaiian Islands--Thierry Work. Phone (608) 270-2400, FAX (608) 270-2415 or E-mail kathy_converse@usgs.gov. National Wildlife Health Center, 6006 Schroeder Road, Madison, WI 53711.

Quarterly Mortality Reports

The Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service received reports of sick and dead waterfowl in corn fields and adjacent flooded rice fields in several northeast/east central Louisiana parishes from November 1998 through late February 1999. Estimated losses exceeded 10,000 birds; the primary species affected were snow (and blue) geese. An estimated 100 waterfowl of other species were affected including Ross' and white-fronted geese and mallards. Waterfowl were observed feeding in corn fields that had not been harvested due to high levels of aflatoxin; some fields had been disced and the corn knocked down in others. Freshly dead and euthanized geese were sent to the National Wildlife Health Center and Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study for examination. At necropsy, lesions characteristic of aflatoxicosis were observed in most geese which included hemorrhagic hepatocellular necrosis and biliary duct hyperplasia and proliferation. Some geese had degenerative lesions in other organs including the spleen, pancreas, lungs and kidneys. Aflatoxin B1 and B2 were detected in stomach contents from one snow goose at the NWHC. Corn collected from fields where the geese had been feeding and where mortality occurred contained levels of aflatoxin as high as 8,200 ppb; far exceeding FDA acceptable levels of <100 ppb for poultry. (source: NWHC and SCWDS reports)

The first reported occurrence of duck plague in Arkansas has been diagnosed in waterfowl submitted to the NWHC by natural resource managers at Little Rock Air Force Base. Fifteen Muscovy ducks, two mallards, and one Pekin duck were found dead on the base lake between April 28, and May 10, 1999. DVE was isolated from one Muscovy and one mallard submitted to the NWHC. Approximately 100 ducks including mallards, mallard hybrids, Pekin ducks, Muscovy ducks, and wood ducks remained at the lake after the mortality event. Approximately 30 Canada geese also frequent the lake on a daily basis.

For additional information please contact Dr. Scott Wright, USGS National Wildlife Health Center - Disease Investigations Branch Chief, at 608-270-2460 or Paul Slota, USGS National Wildlife Health Center - Support Services Branch Chief at 608-270-2420.

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